Wednesday, December 30, 2009

B States

B
Babra (Thana)

==========================================================================
BAGHAL

c.1643 Baghal state founded.
1803 - 1815 Occupied by Nepal.

Rana of Baghal
1670 - 1727 Prithvi Chand
1727 - 1743 Mehar Chand
1743 - 1778 Bhup Chand
1778 - 1803 Jagat Singh (1st time)
(in Nalagarh exile 1803 - 1815)
1803 - 1815 occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1828 Jagat Singh (2nd time)
1828 - 1840 Shiv Saran Singh
1840 - 1875 Kishan Singh
(personal style Raja 1860?)
Raja of Baghal
1875 - 1877 Kishan Singh
1877 - 1877 Moti Singh
1877 - 1904 Dhian Singh
1904 - 1922 Bikram Singh
1922 - 1945 Surendra Singh
1945 - 1947 Rajendra Singh

==========================================================================
BAGHAT

Middle Ages Baghat state founded.
1839 - 1842 Part of British India.
1849 - 1861 Part of British India.

Rana of Baghat
1803 - 1839 Mohindar Singh
1839 - 1842 part of British India
1842 - 1849 Bije Singh
1849 - 1861 part of British India
1861 Umaid Singh
1861 - 1911 Dhalip Singh
1911 - 1928 Durga Singh
Raja of Baghat
1928 - 1947 Durga Singh
==========================================================================

Bagasra

Bagasra (Majmu)

Bagasra (Majmu Nayayadhish Court)

Bagasra (Vala Shri Ram Harsur)

Bagasra (Vala Shri Ram and Vira Mulu)

Bagasra (Vala Shri Vajsur Velera)

Bagasra Hadala


Bagasra Khari


Bagasra Natwar


Bagasra Ram


Baghal


Baghat


Bagli


==========================================================================


BAHAWALPUR

==========================================================================
Bai

Bajana in Saurashtra


Bakhtgarh


==========================================================================

BALASINOR

Brief History


Nawab Shri Babi of Balasinor
1758 - 17.. Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
17.. - .... Jamiyat Khanji Muhammad Khanji
.... - 1820 Salabat Khanji Jamiyat Khanji
1820 - 1822 Abid Khanji
1822 - 1831 Jalal Khanji (Edal Khanji)
1831 - 1882 Zorawar Khanji
1831 - 1841 Shri Yamuna Bibi Sahiba (f) -Regent
1882 - 1899 Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji
1899 - 1945 Jamiyat Khanji Munawar KhanjI
1899 - 1915 .... -Regent
1945 - 1947 Muhammad Salabat Khan II
1945 - 1947 .... -Regent
==========================================================================
BALSAN

1803 - 1815 Occupied by Nepal.

Thakur of Balsan
.... - .... Jai Singh
.... - 1815 Dharam Singh
1815 - 1858 Jog Raj
Rana of Balsan
1858 - 1867 Jog Raj
1867 - 1884 Bhup Singh
1884 - 1918 Bir Singh
1918 - 1936 Atar Singh
1936 - 1943 Ran Bahadur Singh
1943 - 1947 Vidyabushn Singh
==========================================================================
Baltistan

Bamanbor


==========================================================================
BAMRA

c.1602 Bamra state founded according to legend.

Raja of Bamra
.... - .... Bibhuti Deb
.... - .... Hadu Deb
.... - .... Chandra Sekhar Deb
1803? Pratap Arudra Deb
18.. - 1820 Arjuna Deb
1820 - 1832 Balunka Brusabha Deb
1832 Khageswar Deb
1832 - 1869 Braja Sundar Deb
1869 - 1903 Basu Deb Sudhal Deb
1903 - 1916 Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb
1916 - 1920 Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb
1920 - 1947 Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb

==========================================================================
BANARAS (Benares)

.... Kashi (or Banaras) state
1194 Part of Oudh.
1740 Estate transformed into Banaras state.
15 Aug 1947 Accedes to India, renamed Varanasi.

Raja of Banaras
1740 - 1770 Balwant Singh
1770 - 1781 Chait Singh
1781 - 1794 Mahip Narayan Singh
1794 - 1835 Udit Narayan Singh
1835 -1889 Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh
1889 - 1918 Prabhu Narayan Singh
Maharaja Bahadur of Banaras
1918 - 1931 Prabhu Narayan Singh
1931 - 1939 Aditya Narayan Singh
1939 - 1947 Vibhuti Narayan Singh

Banda

1790 Banda state founded.
1858 Annexed by British India.

Nawab of Banaras
1790 - 1802 Ali Bahadur I
1802 Zulfiqar Ali (1st time)
1802 - 1825 Shamsher Bahadur
1825 - 1850 Zulfiqar Ali (2nd time)
1850 - 1858 Ali Bahadur II

==========================================================================
Banera
==========================================================================


BANGANAPALLE

1665 Banganapalle estate founded.
1783 - 1790 Annexed by Mahisur (Mysore).
1790 Banganapalle liberated from Mahisur (Mysore), becomes a state.
1831 - 1848 Nominally annexed by Haydarabad (Hyderabad),
but under British administration.
1905 - 1905 Administered by British India.
1939 - 1947 Administered by British India.

Kiladar of Banganapalle
1686 - 1758 Fadli `Ali Khan I
1758 - 1769 Fadli `Ali Khan II
1758 - 1767 Muhammad Beg Khan-i-Lang -Regent
1769 - 1783 Hosayn `Ali Khan
1783 - 1784 Gholam `Ali Khan I (1st time)
1784 - 1790 annexed to Mahisur (Mysore)
1784 - 1790 Muhammad Yusuf -Administrator
1790 - 1814 Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
- jointly with following-
1790 - 1822 Gholam `Ali Khan I (2nd time)
1822 - 1831 Hosayn `Ali Khan (1st time)
1848 - 1848 Hosayn `Ali Khan (2nd time)
1848 - 1868 Gholam Mohammad `Ali Khan II
1868 - 1876 Fath `Ali Khan
Nawab of Banganapalle
1876 - 1905 Fath `Ali Khan
1905 - 1922 Gholam `Ali Khan III
1905 - 1908 .... -Regent
1922 - 1947 Fadli `Ali Khan III forced to reside outside state 1939 - 1947)

Banka Pahari in Madhya Pradesh
==========================================================================
BANSDA
Raja Sahib of Bansda
.... - 1701 Udaisimhji II
1701 - 1716 Virsimhji I
1716 - 1739 Ralbhamji
1739 - 1753 Ghulabsimhji I
1753 - 1770 Udaisimhji III
1770 - 1780 Kiratsimhji Las
1780 - 1789 Virsimhji II
1793 - 1815 Raisimhji
1815 - 1828 Udaisimhji IV
1828 - 1861 Hamirsimhji
1862 -1876 Ghulabsimhji II
Maharaja Sahib of Bansda
1876 -1911 Pratapsimhji Ghulabsimhji
1911 -1947 Indrasimhji Pratapsimhji

==========================================================================


BANSWARA

1527 Banswara state founded.
1818 British protectorate.

Rawal of Banswara
1688 - 1702 Ajab Singh
1702 - 1713 Bhim Singh
1713 - 1737 Bishan Singh
1737 - 1747 Udai Singh II
Maharawal of Banswara
1747 - 1786 Prithvi Singh
1786 - 1816 Bijai Singh
1816 - 1819 Umaid Singh
1819 - 1838 Bhawani Singh
1838 - 1844 Bahadur Singh
1844 - 1905 Lakshman Singh
1905 -1914 Shambhu Singh
Sri Raj-i-Rajan Maharawal of Banswawa
1914 - 1944 Prithvi Singh
1944 - 1947 Chandra Vir Singh
==========================================================================

Bantva (Bantwa) Manavadar

Bantva (Bantwa) Sardargadh


Bantva (Bantwa) Court

Bantva (Bantwa) Khan Sherbuland Khanji

==========================================================================


BAONI

Area: 313 km2 (127 sq. mi.)
Population: 20,000 (1879), 19,780 (1901)

Religion: Muslim

Brief History

1784: Baoni State founded

1806: British protectorate


Ruler's Title: Nawab (1784)


Dynasty: Asaf Jahi

Gun Salute: 11

Nawab of Baoni

1784-1800: 'Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan (1736-1800)

1800-1815: Naser ad-Dowla (c1756-1815)

1815-1838: Amir al-Molk

1838-1859: Mohammad Hosayn

1859-1883: Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn

1883-1894: Mohammad Hasan Khan (1863-1894)

1894-1911: Riaz as-Hasan Khan (1876-1911)

1911-1947: Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan (1896-1977)


References
Princely State of Baoni
Princely States of India A-J

==========================================================================


BARAMBA

1305 Baramba state founded.

Rawat of Baramba
1679 - 1711 Balabhadra Mangaraj
1711 - 1743 Fakir Mangaraj
1743 - 1748 Banadhar Mangaraj
1748 - 1793 Padmanava Birbar Mangaraj
1793 - 1842 Pindik Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1842 - 1869 Gopinath Birbar Mangaraj
1869 - 1874 Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
Raja of Baramba
1874 - 1881 Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1881 - 1922 Bishambhar Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1922 - 1947 Narayan Chandra Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
1922 - 1935 .... -Regent
==========================================================================

Baraundha Pathar Kachhar
bf.1549 Baraundha Pathar Kachhar state founded.

Thakur of Baraundha
1790 - 1827 Mohan Singh
1827 - 1867 Sarabjit Singh
1867 - 1870 Dharampal Singh
1870 - 1874 Chhatarpal Singh
1874 - 1886 Raghubar Dayal Singh (personal style Raja Bahadur from 1877)
1886 -1908 Pratap Singh
Raja of Baraundha
1908 - 1930 Pratap Singh
1930 - 1933 Gaya Prasad Singh
1933 - 1947 Ram Pratap Singh
==========================================================================

Bardia

===========================================================================

BARIA

"The Chief of this State is of the same lineage as the Barris. Raja of Chota Udaipur.

"In 1803, when Daulat Rao Sindia's districts in Guzerat were seized by a British force, Raja Ganga Dass, of Barria, materially furthered the success- of the campaign, by the services he rendered Colonel Murray.

"Barria is a wild, rugged little State, chiefly inhabited by Bhils, whose cultivation is of the rudest description. A coarse kind of millet, called kodra, is their principal crop. This grows without any care among the ashes of burnt timber in the clearings of the forest. It can only be eaten when well-soaked, and is then exceedingly indigestible. Only the stomach of a Bhil can get the better of it. When fermented it is much used1 by the wild tribes as a poison for tigers.

"The Raja was educated at the Rajk6t College, and" has completed his education by travelling. He has been as far north as Cashmir and as far south as Calcutta." (Aberigh-Mackay, p. 67)



Raja of Baria

.... - 1720 Mansimhji
1720 - 1732 Interregnum
1732 - 17.. Prithiraj
.... - .... Rayadharji
.... - .... Gangdasji
.... - .... Gambhirsimhji
.... - .... Dhiratsimhji
.... - .... Sahibsimhji
1803? Jashwantsimhji
18.. - 1819 Ganga Das
1819 - 1820 Bhimsimhji Ganga Das
1820 - 1864 Prithirajji Ganga Das
Maharawal of Baria
1864 - 1908 Mansimhji Prithirajji
1908 - 1947 Ranjitsimhji Mansimhji

===========================================================================
Barkhera Deo Dungri

Barkhera Panth


===========================================================================

Baroda



Gaikwad Maharajas of Baroda

Pilaji Rao Gaekwad (1721-1732)
Damaji Rao Gaekwad (1732-1768)
Govind Rao Gaekwad (1768-1771)
Sayaji Rao Gaekwad I (1771-1789)
Manaji Rao Gaekwad (1789-1793)
Govind Rao Gaekwad (restored) (1793-1800)
Anand Rao Gaekwad (1800-1818)
Sayaji Rao II Gaekwad (1818-1847)
Ganpat Rao Gaekwad (1847-1856)
Khande Rao Gaekwad (1856-1870)
Malhar Rao Gaekwad (1870-1875)
Maharaja Sayyaji Rao III (1875-1939)
Pratap Singh Gaekwar (1939-1951)
Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad (1951 - 1988)
Ranjitsinh Pratapsinh Gaekwad (1988 - )
===========================================================================

Barwala (Barvala)

===========================================================================


BARWANI

bf.1500 Barwani state founded.
1861 - 1873 British India administration.


Rana of Barwani
1675 - 1700 Jodh Singh
1700 - 1708 Parbat Singh
1708 - 1730 Mohan Singh I
1730 - 1760 Anup Singh
1760 - 1794 Umed Singh
1794 - 1839 Mohan Singh II
1839 - 1861 Jashwant Singh (1st time)
1861 - 1873 Vacant
1873 - 1880 Jashwant Singh (2nd time)
1880 - 1894 Indrajit Singh
1894 - 1930 Ranjit Singh
1930 - 1947 Devi Sahib Singhji

===========================================================================

BASHAHR

1412 Bashahr state founded.
1803 - 1815 Occupied by Nepal.

Rana of Bashahr
.... - 1708 Vijay Singh
1708 - 1725 Udai Singh
1725 - 1761 Ram Singh
1761 - 1785 Udar Singh
1785 - 1803 Ugar Singh
1803 - 1815 occupied by Nepal
Raja of Bashahr
1815 - 1850 Mahendra Singh
1850 - 1887 Shamsher Singh (1st time)
1887 - 1898 Raghunath Singh
1898 - 1914 Shamsher Singh (2nd time)
1914 - 1917 A.A. McMitchell -Manager
1914 - 1947 Padna Singh
1947 - 1947 Virbhadra Singh

===========================================================================

BASODA

1753 Basoda state founded as a vassal state of Gwalior.

Nawab of Basoda
1753 - 1786 Ahsan Allah Khan
1786 - 1800 Baqa´ Allah Khan
18.. - 1864 Asad `Ali Khan
1864 - 1896 `Omar `Ali Khan
1897 - 1929 Haydar `Ali Khan
1929 - 1947 Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan

===========================================================================

BASOHLI

c.750 AD Basohli state founded.
1836 Incorporated into Jammu.

Raja of Basohli
1693 - 1725 Diraj Pal
1725 - 1736 Medini Pal
1736 - 1757 Ajit Pal
1757 - 1776 Amrit Pal
1776 - 1806 Vijay Pal
1806 - 1813 Mahendra Pal
1813 - 1834 Bhupendra Pal
1834 - 1836 Kalyan Pal

===========================================================================


BASTAR


Raja of Bastar
1680 - 1709 Digpal Deo
1709 - 1721 Rajpal Deo
1721 - 1731 Mama
1731 - 1774 Dalpat Deo
1774 Daryao Deo (1st time)
1774 - 1777 Ajmar Singh Deo
1777 - bf.1819 Daryao Deo (2nd time)
1819? Mahipal Deo
1830 - 1853 Bhopal Deo
1853 - 1891 Bhairam Deo
1891 - 1921 Rudra Pratap Deo
1922 - 1936 Profulla Kumari Devi (f) -Rani
Maharaja of Bastar
1936 - 1947 Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo

===========================================================================

Batherda (Thikana)

===========================================================================


BAUDH

21 May 1874 Baudh estate becomes a state.

Raja of Baudh
1874 - 1879 Pitambar Deo
1879 - 1913 Jogendra Deo
1913 - 1947 Narayan Prasad Deo
===========================================================================

Bavda vassal state

Bavishi Thana

Bawlake

Bedla (Thikana)

Begun (Thikana)

Beja


Belha (Saranjam)

===========================================================================

BENGAL

Nawab of Bengal

Nasiri (1717-1740)

1717-1727: Murshid Quli Jafar Khan. "Mughal Empire started declining after the death of Emperor Aurangzeb. Under these circumstances Murshid Quli Khan became the first Nawab of Bengal. Though there was still the authority of the Mughals above him but he was nevertheless the first independent ruler of Bengal. The death of Aurangzeb was marked by a series of succession and in between 1707 to 1719 there were as many as eight Mughal rulers. This vulnerable situation was marked by the rise of three notable nobles namely Saadat Ali Khan of Oudh, Murshid Quli Khan the Nizam of Bengal and Qamar ud-din Khan of Deccan. Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal gradually united his force and position and in the year 1719 he renamed his capital city from Makhsusabad to Murshidabad after his name. This change of name was approved by the then Mughal emperor and thus Murshid Quli Khan became the Nawab of Bengal.

Early Life of Murshid Quli Khan
The early life of Murshid Quli Khan is rooted in obscurity. Nothing is known in certain about his family or parenthood. Among the many versions of his early life the most reliable account is that he was born of a poor Brahmin in the Deccan before being sold to slavery. He was bought by one Haji Shafi Isfahani, a merchant from Persia who converted him to Islam and changed his name Muhammad Hadi. He joined the services of Haji Abdullah, the Diwan of Berar and gradually came under the royal service of Emperor Aurangzeb.

Murshid Quli Khan`s Rise to Power
Emperor Aurangzeb was in search of an efficient man for being the Diwan of Bengal when his choice fell on Murshid Quli Khan. In the year 1701 he was sent to Bengal as the Diwan. Murshid Quli Khan was an honest officer and he had already served as a Diwan of the province of Orissa. He was efficient in his work and was praised among the imperial officials. Murshid Quli Khan was held unparalleled in goodness and morality of purpose. His services during the war placed him in the good books of Aurangzeb. The title of Murshid Quli Khan was bestowed upon him by Emperor Aurangzeb. During and after the reign of Aurangzeb, Murshid Quli Khan`s rise was noteworthy. Even after ascending the throne as the Nawab of Bengal, Murshid Quli Khan never broke his ties with the Mughals and continued to send annual tribute to Delhi.

Administration of Murshid Quli Khan
Murshid Quli Khan was an able and efficient administrator. As an administrative decision, Medinipur was estranged from Orissa and annexed to the Province of Bengal. In matter of collecting revenues Murshid Quli Khan made no compromise. The Hindu Zamindars suffered under him and were terrorised by the revenue collectors who were often ruthless. Under his rule the Zamindars were debarred from collecting the Imperial revenue and their sources of income were also limited to profits of tax free lands given in consideration for services rendered.

His administration in the matters of land reforms was also strict. He sent his men to every village and the cultivated and the waste lands were measured and were leashed back to the tenants plot by plot. Agricultural loans were meted out to the poorer section and he also and put forth effort for the augment in the produce of the lands. Thus Murshid Quli affected not only increase in revenue, but also increase in their `areas`. A part of the revenues was sent to the Imperial Treasury in Delhi. His administration was so dynamic and unbeaten that there was neither foreign invasion nor domestic disorder, and as a result the military expenses were nearly abolished. Murshid Quli Khan had a very powerful personality and his subjects sufficed to keep peace in the country. The Khan did not permit petty Zamindars admission to his presence. Murshid Quli Khan`s worthiness in administration of justice is amazing and notable. He contributed to a great deal in enhancing the material affluence of Bengal in terms of revenue.

Murshid Quli Khan died on 30th June 1727. He did not have a direct heir and so his maternal grandson Sarfaraz Khan succeeded him."

1727-1739: Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan

1739-1740: Sarfaraz Khan

Afshar (1740-1757)

1740-1756: Alivardi Khan. "Alivardi Khan came to power after defeating Sarfaraz Khan in the battle of Giria. He became the next Nawab of Bengal. He ruled from 1740 till 1756. Born on 10th May 1671, he was named Mirza Muhammad Ali, the son of Shah Quli Khan Mirza Muhammad Madani and the daughter of Nawab Aqil Khan Afshar. Alivardi Khan was the founder of the Afshar dynasty. He was Shia Muslim by religion.

Alivardi Khan’s father Mirza Muhammad Madani served as an employee to Azam Shah the son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. After the death of Azam Shah, the family fell into poverty and Alivardi Khan came to Delhi and passed his days in extreme deficiency, often going without a meal. But when Shuja -ud-din was promoted as a Nawab, Alivardi’s prospect widened. It was Shuja- Ud- Din Muhammad Khan who bestowed him with the title of Alivardi. Alivardi Khan in return rendered faithful service to Shuja- Ud- Din and advised him on the kingdom’s administrational and financial matters. Alivardi was then chosen as the deputy Nazim of Bihar in 1733, and was later entitled Mahabat Jang, for his brilliant economic reforms and efficient management skills in the ruling of Bihar.

Alivardi Khan always wanted to become the Nawab of Bengal. After the death of Shuja- Ud- Din Muhammad Khan Alivardi greatly aspired the Masnad of Bengal, which saw him gradually rise to power. In the year 1740 he defeated Sarfaraz Khan in the battle of Giria and became the Nawab of Bengal. He also got recognition from the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah and was endowed with several titles like Shuja-ul-mulk and Husam-ud-daula. Alivardi was an able administrator and successfully defended his territory from the enemies. However, the frequent external attacks in the shape of the Maratha invasions brought a major slow down in the region’s trade, agriculture and financial system. Under his dominion Bengal was twice attacked by the Nagpur kingdom by Raghoji Bhonsle in the year 1746 and 1750. He signed a peace treaty for war indemnity with the Marathas in 1951. Alivardi khan put up a brave fight against the Afghan invasions and this took a heavy toll on his health.

Alivardi Khan nominated his grand son Siraj-ud-daula to be his heir. Alivardi died in the year 1756 and Siraj-ud-daula succeeded him as the next ruler."

1756-1757 : Siraj-ud-Daula "Siraj-Ud-Daulah was a Mughal ruler who also became the Nawab of Bengal in the 1756 AD. Siraj-Ud-Daulah succeeded his maternal grandfather Alivardi Khan. He was also known as Mirza Mohammad Sirajud Dawla, and was considered to be the last independent Nawab of Orissa, Bengal and Bihar. The start of the British East India Company was marked by the end of his rule over Bengal, and later, the Company got hold of all of south Asia. Siraj-Ud-Daulah was also known as ‘Sir Roger Dowlett’ by several British who were not able to utter his name properly in Hindustani.

The father of Siraj was Zain ud din, who was the ruler of Bihar and his mother Amina Begum was Nawab Alivardi Khan’s youngest daughter. Since the Nawab had no son, Siraj-Ud-Daulah, as the Nawab’s grandson, got very close to him and therefore his childhood was regarded by most people as successor to Murshidabad’s throne. He was raised accordingly at the palace of the Nawab with all required training and education necessary for a future Nawab. Young Siraj accompanied Alivardi in the year 1746, in his military endeavours against the Marathas. In the year 1752, Alivardi Khan officially announced his grandson Siraj-Ud-Daulah as the successor and Crown Prince to the throne, making not a single division in the royal court and the family.

Mirza Mohammad Siraj succeeded Alivardi Khan as the new Nawab of Bengal in the month of April 1756 and he took the name of Siraj-Ud-Daulah. His nomination to the nawabship triggered the enmity and jealousy of Ghaseti Begum, who was the eldest sister of the mother of Siraj, Mir Jafar Ali Khan, Raja Rajballabh and Shawkat Jang (the cousin of Siraj). Ghaseti Begam had huge wealth, and that was the source of her strength and influence. Thus Siraj seized her wealth and kept her in confinement. He offered top posts to his favorites. Mir Mardan became the Bakshi (the paymaster of the army) replacing Mir Jafar. Mohanlal was promoted to the rank of peshkar of his Dewan Khana and he had a vital influence in the administration. Lastly, Siraj suppressed Shaukat Jang, who was the governor of Purnia and was also killed in a clash.

The Battle of Plassey or which is famously known as the battle of Palashi is widely regarded as the turning point in the history of India, which helped open the doors to the British to have their hold on the country. After the conquest of Kolkata (Calcutta) by Siraj-Ud-Daulah, the British retaliated by sending fresh set of troops from Chennai (Madras) to regain control of the fort and take revenge of the attack. A withdrawing Siraj-Ud-Daulah confronted the British at the battle of Plassey, but deceived by a conspiracy of Mir Jafar, Umi Chand, Jagat Seth, Krishna Chandra, etc, the battle was lost to the British and Siraj escaped to Murshidabad and then he went to Patna with the help of a boat, but was finally arrested by the soldiers of Mir Jafar. He was executed on the 2nd of July, 1757 by Mohammad Ali Beg with the order of Mir Jafar.

Siraj-Ud-Daulah was glorified like a freedom fighter in Bangladesh, Pakistan and modern India because of his strong opposition to the British annexation. In his teens, Siraj was a reckless fellow, which dragged the notice of his grandfather. But a promise made by him to his great grandfather on his death bed, he abandoned the drinking and gambling habits completely after he became the Nawab. Siraj-Ud-Daulah was a furious fighter against the pirates of Southern Bengal and the Marathas during the 1740s, but he was fully routed by the huge British soldiers and the treachery of his near and dear ones."

Najafi (1757-1880)

1757-1760: Mir Jafar Ali Khan

1760-1763: Mir Qasim. "Mir Qasim was the Nawab of Bengal from the year 1760 till 1764. The British East India Company made him the Bengal Nawab by replacing Mir Jafar, the father-in-law of Mir Qasim, who was also installed by the British in reply to his treachery in the Battle of Palashi. Since Mir Jafar engaged himself with the Dutch East India Company to assert independence, the British finally defeating Mir Jafar and the Dutch forces at Chinsura and made Mir Qasim the new Nawab of Bengal.

After becoming the Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim was subject to pay a huge outstanding debt of the former Nawab, Mir Jafar who was also made the Nawab of Bengal by the British as a result of his treachery in the Battle of Plassey. In the pursuit of pleasing the British, Mir Qasim robbed all, seized lands, reduced the purse of Mir Jafar and depleted the treasury. He also transferred the districts of Midnapur, Burdwan and Chittagong to the British East India Company. He thought that since he had given the Company so much, he should therefore be offered the complete authority to rule West Bengal. Thus, he undertook several strategic measures in administration in order to be equipped with a regimented force and ample of funds. In the process he changed his capital from Murshidabad to Munger and also reformed the land revenue structure to raise the revenue.

The small crusade of Mir Qasim against the British was significant and was regarded as the direct fight against and outsider by a native Bengali. Dissimilar to Siraj-ud-Daulah, Mir Qasim was a very popular and effective ruler. The defeat of Mir Qasim in the hands of the British in the Battle of Buxar made the British as the conquerors of. Defeated by the English, Qasim fled to Oudh. He had a sharp diplomatic sense and was able to get the support of the wandering emperor Shah Alam II and Shuja-Ud-Dulla of Oudh. But the combined forces were defeated by the British in the Battle of Buxar. After that, Mir Qasim became underground until his death in Delhi probably in the year 1777."

1763-1765: Mir Jafar Ali Khan

1765-1766: Najimuddin Ali Khan. "Najimuddin Ali Khan was the Nawab of Bengal, Orissa and Bihar from the year 1765 to 1766. He was formally called as Sujah-ul-Mulk Najimuddaula Nawab Nazim Najimuddin Ali Khan Bahadur Mahabat Jang. He was Mir Jafar`s son with his third wife Munui Begum, and was Bengal`s ninth Nawab and also the second from dynasty of the Najafi`s.

Najimuddin Ali Khan, like Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim, was a puppet Nawab of Bengal in the hands of the British. He was made the Bengal Nawab following the death of his father Mir Jafar at the tender age of eighteen years. He honored the throne on the 3rd of March 1765.

In the year 1765, after the grand victory in the Battle of Buxar, the British East India Company formally gained the Diwani of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa from Shah Alam II. The Nawab officially conferred this Diwani to the British on the 30th of September, 1765. Then the British proceeded to cease the Nawabi of all effective military and administrative powers, making the Nawab a greater puppet than before. Najimuddin Ali Khan died soon, on the 8th of May, 1766, he got infected by a fever caught at a formal party which was given in Murshidabad fort honoring Robert Clive. Najimuddin was buried at the cemetery of Jaffraganj and was succeeded to the throne of Nawab by his younger brother Najabut Ali Khan."

1766-1770: Najabut Ali Khan

1770-1770: Ashraf Ali Khan

1770-1793: Mubaraq Ali Khan

1793-1810: Baber Ali Khan

1810-1821: Zainul Abedin Ali Khan

1821-1824: Ahmad Ali Khan

1824-1838: Mubarak Ali Khan II

1838-1880: Mansur Ali Khan

Nawabs of Murshidabad
1880-1906: Hassan Ali

1906-1959:Wasif Ali

1959-1969: Waris Ali

References
Bengal (Murshidabad) in Royal Ark
History of Murshidabad
List of Rulers of Bengal in Wikipedia
Murshidabad in Genealogical Gleanings
Nawab of Bengal in Wikipedia

===========================================================================

Bera (Thikana)
==========================================================================

BERI-BUNDELKHAND

Rao of Beri-Bundelkhand
1753 - 17.. Achharaji Singh
17.. - 1780 Kuman Singh
1780 - 1814 Jugal Prasad Singh
1814 - 1857 Pheran Singh
1857 - 1861 Vishvanath Singh
1862 - 1880 Vijay Singh
1880 - 1904 Raghuraj Singh
1904 - 1945 Lokendra Singh
Raja of BerI-Bundelkhand
1945 - 1947 Yadvendra Singh
==========================================================================
BERONDA (PATHAR-KUCHAR)
A
rea: 230 sq. mi.
Population: 14,000 (1879)
Brief History

1807: "...Mohan Singh received a sannad from the British Government, confirming the territory which he held under the Bundelas and Ali Bahadur..."

Gun Salute: 9
Ruler's Title: Raja, Raja Bahadur (1877)

Ruler of Beronda
?-1827: Mohan Singh
1827-1867: Sarubjat Singh
1867-1874: Chattarpal Singh
1874-?: Raghbir Dyal Singh
==========================================================================
Bettiah (Thikana)

Bhabhar


Bhadardi

Bhadarwa


Bhadaura


Bhadawar (Zamindari)

Bhadesar (Thikana)

Bhadli

==========================================================================
BHADRAWA (Bhadrawah)

1483 Bhadrawa founded possibly as a jagir, later becoming a state.
Jun 1821 Annexed to Chamba.
1846 Annexed to Jammu and Kashmir.

Raja of Bhadrawa
1691 - 1707 Abhaya Pal
1707 - 1735 Medini Pal
1735 - 1770 Sampat Pal
1770 - 1790 Fateh Pal
1790 - 1794 Daya Pal (1st time)
1794 - .... Bhup Chand
.... - 1810 Daya Pal (2nd time)
1810 - 1821 Pahar Chand
==========================================================================
Bhadvana

Bhadwa

Bhagat in Himachal Pradesh
==========================================================================


BHAISAUNDA


==========================================================================
Bhaisola
==========================================================================
BHAJJI
Area: 96 sq. mi.
Population: 19,000 (1879)
Agency: Hill States
Dynasty: Rajput

Rana of Bhajji
.... - .... Amrit Pal
.... - 1803 Rudra Pal (1st time)
1803 - 1815 occupied by Nepal
1815 - 1842 Rudra Pal (2nd time)
1842 - 1875 Ran Bahadur Singh
1875 - 1913 Durga Singh
1913 - 1940 Bir Pal
1940 - 1947 Ram Chandra Pal Singh
==========================================================================
Bhalala

Bhalgam Bhaldoi

Bhalgamda

Bhalusna

Bhandaria

=======================================================================

BHARATPUR

1752 Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state.
1828 British protectorate.

Raja Mahendra of Bharatpur
1752 - 1755 Badan Singh
Maharaja of Bharatpur
1755 - 1763 Suraj Mal
1763 - 1768 Jawahir Singh
1768 - 1769 Ratan Singh
1768 - 1769 Dan Shahi -Regent
1769 - 1778 Keshri Singh
1769 - 1775 Nihal Singh -Regent
1775 - 1778 Ranjit Singh -Regent
1778 - 1805 Ranjit Singh
1805 - 1823 Randhir Singh
1823 - 1825 Baldeo Singh
1825 - 1825 Balwant Singh (1st time)
1825 - 1826 Durjan Sal (usurper)
1826 - 1853 Balwant Singh (2nd time
1826 - 1835 Gangawaue Miraj Kaur (f) -Regent
1853 - 1893 Jashwant Singh
1853 - 1869 .... -Regent
1893 - 1900 Ram Singh (suspended from 10 Aug 1900)
1900 - 1929 Kishen Singh
1900 - 1918 Bibiji Girraj Kaur (f) -Regent
1929 - 1947 Brijendra Singh
1929 -1939 .... -Regent

Rulers of Bharatpur

? -1670: Gokula
1670-1688: Raja Ram
1695-1721: Churaman
1722-1756: Badan Singh
1756-1767: Maharaja Suraj Mal
1767-1768: Maharaja Jawahar Singh
1768-1769: Maharaja Ratan Singh
1769-1771: Maharaja Kehri Singh
1771-1776: Maharaja Nawal Singh
1776-1805: Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1805-1823: Maharaja Randhir Singh
1823-1825: Maharaja Baldeo Singh
1825-1853: Maharaja Balwant Singh
1853-1893: Maharaja Jashwant Singh
1893-1900: Maharaja Ram Singh
1900-1918: Maharani Girraj Kaur
1900-1928: Maharaja Kishan Singh
1929-1947: Maharaja Brijendra Singh

References
Bharatpur in A Collection of Treaties, Engagements & Sanads (pp. 259-263)
Bharatpur in A Historical Sketch of the Native States of India (pp. 95-105)
Bharatpur in Royal Ark
Bharatpur Princely State in Genealogical Gleanings
Bharatpur State in Imperial Gazetteer of India
History of Bharapur in Wikipedia
Jats' History
Rajas of Bharatpur in Bharatpur
Rulers of Bharatpur in Bharatpur Online
Bharatpur in Genealogical Gleanings
The State of Bharatput
================================================================================================
Bharejda

Bharudpura

Bhathan

Bhatkeri

==========================================================================

BHAVNAGAR

1240 Predecessor state of Sejakpur founded.
1309 Umrala state.
1570 Sihor state.
1723 Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state.

Thakur Sahib of Bhavnagar
1660 - 1703 Ratanji II
1703 - 1764 Bhavsinhji I Ratanji
1764 - 1772 Akherajji III Bhavsimhji
1772 - 1816 Wakhatsimhji Akherajji
1816 - 1852 Wajesimhji Wakhatsimhji
1852 - 1854 Akherajji IV Bhavsimhji
1854 - 1870 Jashwantsimhji Bhavsimhji
1870 - 1896 Takhatsimhji Jashwantsimhji
1870 - 1878 .... -Regent
1896 - 1918 Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji (personal style Maharaja Rao from 1909)
Maharaja Rao of Bhavnagar
1918 - 1919 Bhavsimhji II Takhatsimhji
1919 - 1947 Krishnakumarsimhji Bhavsimhji
1919 - 1931 .... -Regents
==========================================================================
Bhawal

Bhilodia


Bhimora


Bhoika
(Thana)

Bhojakheri


Bhojavadar

==========================================================================

BHOPAL


Nawab of Bhopal


1723 - 1728 Dost Mohammad Khan
1728 - 1742 Soltan Mohammad Khan
1728 - 1728 Sardar Aqil Muhammad Khan -Regent
1728 - 1742 Yar Mohammad Khan -Regent
1742 - 1777 Fayz Mohammad Khan
1777 - 1807 Hayat Mohammad Khan
1807 - 1826 Ghows Mohammad Khan
1808 - 1816 Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad Khan -Regent
1816 - 1819 Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad Khan -Regent
1819 - 1837 Qodsiyya Begam (f) -Regent
1826 - 1837 Mo'izz Mohammad Khan
1837 - 1844 Jahangir Mohammad Khan
Nawab Begam
1844 - 1860 Soltan Shah Jahan Begam 1st time)
1845 - 1847 Fawdjar Mohammad Khan -Regent
1847 - 1860 Sikander Begam (f) -Regent
1860 - 1868 Sikander Begam (f)
1868 - 1901 Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (2nd time)
1901 - 1926 Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)Nawab
1926 - 1947 Mohammad Hamidullah Khan Iskandar Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur
Sajida Sultan Begum
References
Bhopal in Genealogical Gleanings
Bhopal in Royal Ark

==========================================================================

BHOR

"...It has an estimated area of about 1491 square miles, a population in 1881 of 145,876 or ninety-eight to the square mile, and in 1883 a gross revenue of £52,318 (Rs. 5,23,186)...."

History.

"In 1697 Rajaram, the son of Shivaji, appointed Shankraji Narayan Pant Sachiv for his able services. He was given an estate or jagir and other vatans or rent-free lands. In. 1707, Shankraji died at Ambevadi and was succeeded by his son Naro. On his death in March 1737, Naro was succeeded by his nephew Chimnaji who had three sons Sadashivrav, Anandrav, and Raghunathrav. In 1757, on the death of Chinmaji, his eldest son Sadashivrav became Pant Sachiv. In 1787, on his death Sadashivrav was succeeded by his youngest brother Raghunathrav. On Raghunathrav's death in 1791, his son Shankarrav became Pant Sachiv. He had no male issue and adopted Chimnaji who succeeded him in 1798. Till their downfall in 1818, Chimnaji continued in the service of the Peshwas. On his death in 1827, Chimnaji was succeeded by his adopted son Raghunathrav; for this adoption a nazarana or present of £4000 (Rs. 40,000) was paid to the Raja of Satara. In 1836 Raghunathrav, being without legitimate male issue, adopted Chimnaji who succeeded him in 1839. On the 12th of February 1871, on his death Chimnaji was succeeded by his son Shankarrav, the present chief. During the chief's minority a karbhari or manager was appointed by the British Government to look after his affairs. In 1874 at the age of twenty-one, Shankarrav assumed the charge of his state. The Pant Sachiv ranks as first class sardar. He is a Brahman by caste and his head-quarters are at Bhor. He pays a yearly tribute of £523 10s. (Rs. 5235) to the British Government, nominally on account of pilkhana or elephant stables."

Rulers of Bhor (title Pant Sachiv)
1697 - 1707 Shankarji Narayan
1707 - 1737 Naro
1737 - 1757 Chimnaji I
1757 - 1787 Sadasiv Rao
1787 - 1791 Raghunath Rao I
1797 - 1798 Shankr Rao I
1798 - 1827 Chimnaji Rao II
1827 - 1837 Raghunath Rao II Chimnaji Rao
1837 - 1871 Chimnaji Rao III Raghunath Rao (d. 1871)
1871 - 1922 Shankr Rao II Chimnaji Rao (1854 - 1922)
1922 - 1936 Raghunath Rao III Shankar Rao (1878 - 1951?)
Raja of Bhor
1936 - 1947 Raghunath Rao Shankar Rao (s.a.)
==========================================================================

Bhorole

Bhutan

Bichhrand Junior


Bichhrand Senior


Bihat in Madhya Pradesh


Bihora

==========================================================================
BIJA (Bijah)
Area: 4 sq. mi.
Population: 800 (1879)
Dynasty: Rajput
Ruler's Title: Thakur

bf.1803 Bija state founded.
1803 - 1815 Occupied by Nepal.

Thakur of Bija
1815 - 1817 Man Chand
1817 - 1841 Pratap Chand
1841 - 1905 Udai Chand
1905 - 1947 Puran Chand

==========================================================================
BIJAWAR
Area: 920 sq. mi.
Population: 102,000 (1879)
Gun Salute: 11
Ruler's Title: Maharaja

Raja of Bijawar
1765 - 1793 Bir Singh Deo
1793 - 1802 Himmat Bahadur
1802 - Dec 1810 Keshri Singh
1811 - 1833 Ratan Singh
1833 - 1847 Lakshman Singh
1847 - 1866 Bham Pratap Singh
Maharaja of Bijawar (title from 1877 Sawai Maharaja)
1866 - 1899 Bham Pratap Singh
1899 - 1940 Savant Singh
1940 - 1947 Govind Singh
==========================================================================
Bijna in Madhya Pradesh
==========================================================================


BIKANIR (Bikaner)
Rulers of Bikaner

1485-1504: Rao Bika
1526-1539: Rao Jait Singh
1539-1571: Kaylan Singh
1571-1611: Rai Singh
1611-1631: Dalpat Singh
1631-1674: Karan Singh
1674-1698: Maharaja Anup Singh
1700-1735: Maharaja Sujan Singh
1736-1746: Maharaja Zorawar Singh
1746-1787: Maharaja Gaj Singh
1788-1828: Maharaja Surat Singh
1828-1851: Maharaja Ratan Singh
1851-1872: Maharaja Sardar Singh
1872-1887: Maharaja Dungar Singh
1887-1943: Maharaja Ganga Singh
1943-1949: Maharaja Sadul Singh
1943-1987: Maharaja karni singh
1987-Present: Maharaja Narendra Singh

==========================================================================


BILASPUR (Kahlur)

c.880 Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded.

Raja of Bilaspur
1665 - 1712 Bhim Chand
1712 - 1741 Ajmer Chand
1741 - 1778 Devi Chand
1778 - 1824 Mohan Chand
1824 - 1839 Kharak Chand
1839 - 1850 Jagat Chand
1850 - 1883 Hira Chand
1883 - 1889 Amar Chand
1889 - 1927 Bijai Chand
1927 - 1947 Tikka Anand Chand

==========================================================================
Bilaud

Bilauda


Bilbari


Bildi


Bilkha in Saurashtra


Boad


Bodanones
s

Bolundra
==========================================================================
BONAI

Raja of Bonai
1804 - 1851 Dayanidhi Chandra Deo
1851 - 1876 Chandra Deo
1876 - 1898 Indra Deo
1898 - 1902 Nilambar Chandra Deo
1902 - 1947? Dharani Dhar Deo
==========================================================================
Borkhera (Indore)

Borkhera (Malwa)


Boudh
(Baudh)
==========================================================================


BUNDI


==========================================================================
Bushahr

No comments:

Post a Comment